A sodium salt of benzoic acid which exists in this form when dissolved in water and also produced by reacting sodium hydroxide with benzoic acid is known as sodium benzoate. Sodium benzoates is highly used as preservative as it is bacterio static and fungi static under acidic conditions. Sodium benzoate is very commonly seen in acidic foods such as salad dressings, carbonated drinks, jams, fruit juices, pickles and is also found in alcohol based mouth wash and silver polish. Sodium benzoates is also used in some cough syrups and in shampoos, in the other category it is used in firework as a fuel in whistle mix a type of powder which emits a whistling noise when compressed into a tube and ignited.
Sodium benzoate is produced by the neutralization of benzoic acid along with sodium hydroxide and also is known as a type of slat which occurs naturally in some foods but is more likely to be chemically produced. Sodium benzoates is added in small amounts only when it is used as preservatives. When sodium benzoate and ascorbic acid are mixed tighter they form an element which is known as chemical benzene which is carcinogenic. If sodium benzoates are added in large quantities the nit adds to bitter taste which might spoil the food.
Sodium benzoate is very much utilized in pharmaceutical as well as in agricultural industries as the products which contain this element is used for food items which are used on daily basis. The characteristics of sodium benzoate includes it is white granule or powder with bitter taste and is also easily soluble in water and as sodium benzoate converts to benzoic acid which has good anti microbial features but it does not dissolves well in water but sodium benzoate does dissolves quickly. More intake of this element sodium benzoate could cause damage to dna but also to genetic material and also can cause adhd to children's to be more hyper active.